Massachusetts Daily Collegian

Calling the shots: everything you need to know about the flu vaccine

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Christina Yacono/Daily Collegian)

(Christina Yacono/Daily Collegian)

With flu season swiftly approaching, now is the time for students to begin considering whether or not they will choose to be vaccinated against the influenza virus this year.

The flu vaccine remains one of the most highly declined vaccinations recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which recommends everyone over the age of six months be immunized. Unlike other vaccinations, the flu vaccine is reviewed annually and sometimes updated due to the changing nature of the virus, resulting in a procedure that is surrounded by both controversy and misinformation. Here’s what you need to know.

Getting a flu shot does not guarantee immunity against the flu. According to the CDC, trivalent and quadrivalent forms of the vaccine only protect against three to four strains of the virus, respectively. The influenza virus mutates naturally at a rapid rate, resulting in other strains that may not respond to vaccination.

Recent studies indicate that vaccination reduces flu risk by between 50 and 60 percent. Flu shots remain the most effective method of protection against both contracting and spreading the virus.

Some students at the University of Massachusetts believe that the flu shot should be added to the list of mandatory vaccinations that undergraduate and graduate students must receive before coming to campus. Ellen Burton, a mathematics major, believes the rule would be in the best interests of those who are unable to be vaccinated themselves. Burton stated, “We need to protect the people who cannot receive the shot because of medical conditions.”

One common misconception of the vaccine is that it has been known to actually cause the flu in certain cases. While some individuals who receive the shot may experience symptoms of headache, mild fever and muscle soreness, the virus inside the vaccine is inactivated, making it impossible to cause infection. On occasion, recipients of the shot who already had the flu virus in their system mistook their illness to be a result of the vaccine itself.

Most people who receive the shot can expect some redness, soreness and possible swelling at the sight of the injection. The vaccine is prepared in hen’s eggs, which may rarely cause an allergic reaction for those with an egg allergy. While the shot is usually available in a nasal spray, the CDC warns that it may not be an effective form of immunity for the coming season.

While students are encouraged not to delay, getting a flu shot too early may result in a less effective form of immunity. The increase in the number of in-store clinics and a recent law that allows pharmacists to administer vaccines led to a frenzy of clients lining up for their shots months in advance this past summer. Some studies suggest that getting the flu shot too early may result in a loss of protection by the time flu season hits. In order to remain in a prime state of immunity, it is recommended that students get vaccinated in the months of October and November.

Although the flu shot doesn’t guarantee a clean bill of health for the upcoming season, there are many other precautions that can be taken to help fight any strain of the virus. Maintain good hygiene and exercise regularly. And be careful with what you eat: A diet heavy in fried foods, sugar and white flour can weaken the immune system.

While declining the flu shot won’t result in you becoming patient zero of a national pandemic, you may want to consider if you are in a position that is more likely to put yourself or others at risk. Are you frequently in the presence of very young children or the elderly? Do you spend time with anyone who may be immunocompromised as a result of HIV, AIDS, diabetes or other conditions that put the body’s defenses at risk? Do you spend ample amounts of time at a hospital, nursing home or other healthcare center?

Students at UMass may receive their shot right on campus. From October through December, the University offers vaccinations through walk-in clinics at multiple locations including the Recreation Center, Berkshire Dining Commons and the University Health Center. A complete list of locations, dates, and times is available at UHS’ website.

Lucy Matzilevich can be reached at [email protected]

1 Comment

One Response to “Calling the shots: everything you need to know about the flu vaccine”

  1. Royse Miller on September 22nd, 2016 5:07 am

    In July of 2015, it was discovered that I had type 2 diabetes. By the end of the month, I was given a prescription for Metformin. I stated the ADA diet and followed it completely for several weeks but was unable to get my blood sugar below 140. With no results to how for my hard work, I panicked and called my doctor. His response? Deal with it. I began to feel that something wasn’t right and do my own research. Then I found Rachel’s blog http://curediabetespro.gq/ . I read it from cover to cover and I started the diet and by the next morning, my blood sugar was 100. Since then, I have a fasting reading between the mid 70s and 80s. My doctor was so surprised at the results that, the next week, he took me off the Metformin. I lost 30 pounds in the first month and lost more than 6 inches off my waist and I’m able to work out twice a day while still having lots of energy. The truth is we can get off the drugs and help myself by trying natural methods.

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